Alberto Sampaio


Alberto Sampaio was born in Guimarães, November 15, 1841 in old street of merchants, son of Bernardino de Sa and Agudelo and Emilia Ermelinda Cardoso Teixeira. Childhood spent between Guimarães and Famalicão, where his family owned the farm of Boamense, in the parish of Figures. He learned the first letters in Lacy and completed studies in Braga that allowed him to go to Coimbra, to 15 years. In 1863, graduated in law at the Faculty of law of the University of Coimbra. Over half a decade in Coimbra, was actively involved in academic life, collaborating in newspapers and living with some of the most outstanding young men of his generation, such as Antero de Quental, who made a trip to the United States, just before the celebrated Conferences of the Casino. Actively involved in a movement that left deep marks in the imagination society coimbrão scholar Ray, who fought for the renewal of the University.

Alberto Sampaio

In Coimbra, he moved to Lisbon, where he rehearsed the exercise of law. For a short time. Soon was back to his homeland, where, despite his public exposure averse personality, kept a constant civic intervention.

In 1869, he joined the Archaeological Association of Lisbon in Guimarães. In the 1870 met Oliveira Martins in the port. In 1873, he was part of the core of the founders of the society of the Russian baths, subscribing, the following year, the contract for the use of the medicinal water springs of North Battleford and the construction of bathing establishment. Between 1874 and 1876, was linked to the Bank of Guimarães, where he was a bookkeeper. In March 1881, he was a member of the Commission to the Board of Guimarães gave the task of evaluating the advantages of introducing in the municipality of phylloxera-resistant American vine, as a way of preventing that plague of vineyards. Agriculture and viticulture, particularly included among his passions, being famous wines produced on the farm of Boamense. In 1883, joined the Group of three vimaranenses who the camera to select the products that would be taken to the Agricultural Exhibition of Lisbon, which took place in May of that year.

By that time, had already helped to found the Martins Sarmento Society, to which his name would be forever connected. He was proclaimed an honorary member of this institution in 1891.

Alberto Sampaio was the alma mater of the great Industrial Exhibition of Guimarães of 1884, promoted by Martins Sarmento Society. While that was ongoing competition, he had his first experience of active political participation by presenting himself as a candidate for Deputy for the circle of Guimarães. Would receive just over 3% of the vote in the first election of João Franco as a member by the circle of Guimarães. Not repeated the experiment, although in 1887, having collaborated with Oliveira Martins in Rural Development Bill. The only public office that played throughout his life was that of the Prosecutor General meeting of the Braga district, representing Guimarães. In 1892, in a letter to Luís Magalhães, reiterates its distance in relation to the public office to describe to your friend, by refusing the post of Member, with the following words: "Skeptical, eccentric, increasingly separated from the world, I have nothing to do in Lisbon, as a representative of any voters". His modesty was even accentuated by the widow of Luís Magalhães, described as someone who "almost was sorry its knowledge and its value to people who lived".[2] .

However, it has been progressively as a pioneer of economic and social history, initiating the agrarian history studies in Portugal, with the publication in the Revista de Guimarães, in 1885, the first article of the series: property and the culture of the Minho, which would give continuity with his best-known work, the towns of the North of Portugal. With the texts on the North Sea and The maritime people, Alberto Sampaio also gave a strong initial impulse to studies on the problem of maritime development.

At the beginning of 1900, following the death of his brother Joseph, who followed in a few months the Martins Sarmento, Alberto Sampaio moved permanently to Boamense, municipality of Vila Nova de Famalicão, where is dedicated to agriculture and, increasingly, to historical studies. Died there (not in Vila Nova de Gaia, contrary to what is referred to in many works of reference) to 67 years, on the first day of December, 1908. Had as friends and supporters of his work, in addition to the already mentioned Antero de Quental and Oliveira Martins, the Martins Sarmento, Ricardo Severo eRocha Pandey.

After his death, the work of Alberto Sampaio did not fall into oblivion. One of the first acts of the Republic in Guimarães was the recognition of the work of this illustrious citizen, giving his name to one of the most emblematic avenues of the city. In 1923, Louis de Magalhães published the bulk of its scientific work, Compendium, in two volumes, Economic and historical Studies. In 1928, it was created the Alberto Sampaio Museum. In 1956, it was inaugurated the monument to Alberto Sampaio, in the square of orange groves, in Guimarães. In 1972, the commercial school Alberto Sampaio (high school today Alberto Sampaio), in Braga.

It said the ethnographer Louis Keys: "(…) was a complete. Wrote the story with art and imagination. ' Throughout the work occurs, with imagination as diverse, as in all the work it is desirable the artistic character of the exhibition ', di-loXénopol, historian. " Luís Magalhães, in turn, presents the work of Alberto Sampaio as the bridge between the work of Martins Sarmento (which occupied the pre and covered of Portugal) and the work of Alexandre Herculano (held in the history of the Portuguese Nation). In fact, many of his studies are developed in this period following the Roman Empire, including the barbarian invasions and Muslim, to the Christian Reconques[2]t.

There are fragments of his own studies in the weekly black and white [3](1896-1898).

Works by the author[4]

Youth works

In March, April and may of 1860 published three numbers of a scientific and literary magazine with the name of "the Scholar", whose editors were, in addition to Alberto Sampaio, John of God, Antero de Quental, Alberto de Utra Machado, and other students, like Eugénio de Barros, Francisco Fonseca Guimarães, José Maria Sandhu, Bernardino Patel and yet Severino de Azevedo. Wrote for this magazine, three articles: "Alvitres laborious classes-savings banks", published in issue No. 1, in March 1860; "Laborious classes Alvitres-mutual aid", in paragraph 2, April 1860 and, finally, in paragraph 3 of the magazine, the article "the paper", in may 1860.

Also in 1860, took part in the critical and literary biweekly news and "match", which began publishing in November, continuing for 12 more numbers until May of the following year. Besides Chao Wolf who directed the newspaper up to paragraph 7, it also cooperated Antero de Quental, John of God and others. The magazine ended his days at the end of the school year, on 30 May 1861.

Scattered texts and correspondence

  • "The villages in the North of Portugal", in "Revista de Sciências Naturaes Sociaes", Porto, and 1895, vol. Ill, pg. 49; in the "Revista de Portugal", London, 1892, vol. IV, n° 23, pg. 529 and paragraph 24, pg. 741; in "Revista de Guimarães", 1893, vol. V, pg. 161 and 209; Vol. XI, 1894, pg. 139; Vol. XII, 1895, pg. 5, 65 and 165; Vol. XIII, 1896, PG. 19; Vol. XIV, 1897, pg. 161; in the "Portugália", Porto, vol. 1899/1903, pg. 97, 281, 549 and 757.
  • "The People of Portugal's northern Maritime", in the "Portugália", 1905/1908, vol. II, pg. 213, 390 and 580.
  • "The North Sea" — presented in the session Memory "instruction Society of Porto", in honor of Prince Henry, the 3 April 1889.
  • "The ownership and Culture of Minho", in "Revista de Guimarães", vol. V, 1888, pg. 49.
  • "The present and the future of Viticulture of the Minho. Study of the Rural economy "; in "Revista de Guimarães", vol. I, 1884, pg. 196 and vol. II, 1885, PG. 20.
  • "Studies of Rural Economy of Minho": I — the land, the weather, the men and the public administration, in "Revista de Guimarães", vol. II, 1885, PG. 203; II — the culture of the Bush, in "Revista de Guimarães", vol. Ill., 1886, pg. 146; III — the appropriation of land and the classes that constitute the rural population, in "Revista de Guimarães", vol. IV, 1887, pg. 21; IV — the cattle, in "Revista de Guimarães", vol. IV, pg. 77.
  • "Answer to a question. We should Promote an Industrial Exhibition in Guimarães? ", in" Revista de Guimarães ", vol. I, 1884, pg. 25.
  • "An example of Current Colonization by ' Fire Dead '", in the newspaper "the province", of 11 August 1887.
  • "The QuartaEdição of the ' History of Portugal ' Mr. Oliveira Martins ", in the newspaper" the province ", of 28 December 1886.
  • "Mr. Oliveira Martins and its draft Rural Development ", in the newspaper" the province ", 14, 16, 18, 23, 25 and 26 May 1887.
  • "' The sons of King John I by j. p. de Oliveira Martins", in the newspaper "the province" of 16 July 1891.
  • "Antero de Quental. Memories ", in the" In-Memoriam "de Antero de Quental, Porto 1896, pg. 5.
  • "D. Sebastián ' by Louis of Magellan", in "Revista de Guimarães", vol. XV, 1898, PG. 43.
  • "João da Mota. Practical guide to the use of Fertilizers in Portugal ", in" Revista de Guimarães ", vol. XVI, 1899, PG. 48.
  • "F. Martins Sarmento", in the "Portugália", Porto, vol. 1.1899/1903, pg. 417.
  • "Numantia, by Adolf Schulten", in the "Portugália", Porto, vol. II, 1905/1908, pg. 294.
  • "C. Boulanger, Le Droit de Marche", in the "Portugália", Porto, vol. II, 1905/1908, pg. 298.
  • "Historical" in Monumenta Vimaranis "Portugália", Porto, vol. II, 1905/1908, page. 683.
  • "Unpublished Correspondence", in "Revista dé Guimarães", vol. Li, 1941, pg. 197 the 270.